Safety by Design
TEMPSC Modification – Davit Launch Life Boats
Additional Escape Chute Systems Available for offshore applications
Vertical Three Layered Escape Chute System for Davit Launch Applications.
Totally Enclosed Mechanically Propelled Survival Craft (TEMPSC), more generally referred to as Lifeboats are available in a variety of craft types; with a variety of release gear types, engines and, davit/winch configurations.
These are boarded at deck level and once fully loaded the vessel is then lowered to sea on davits or dropped free fall from a cradle. In either case the personnel are required to embark and be seated prior to and during the launch process.
TEMPSC are widely utilized by the offshore oil & gas industry as the primary means
of evacuation from a facility when Helicopter evacuation is not available. However,
as early as October 1986 (within months of their use becoming mandatory in the UK.
UK regulators had become concerned at the number of reported accidents involving
davit launched TEMPSC on-
As a result the UK Department of Trade (DOT) issued an M.1248 notice reminding those involved in lifeboat drills & tests of the need for full and regular training in the correct use of the equipment.
Since that time and despite regular warnings from flag state administrations, underwriters and classification societies the number of accidents and seriousness of the consequences has continued to rise. This has lead to a number of studies into Life boat safety.
As a result the need for a system that would enable the TEMPSC to be launched and then boarded was identified.
This paper sets forth a scheme for an Alternative Embarkation System for Davit Launched TEMPSC that allows the TEMPSC to be launched with minimal/no manning; allowing the crew to embark once the TEMPSC is safely deployed to sea level.
This document is supported by drawings, calculations and other supporting data which are the intellectual property of Risk Safety Systems Inc. The proposed embarkation scheme is described in summary below:
In evaluating possible options for the reduction of risks posed to personnel evacuating from an offshore facility using a Davit Launched TEMPSC it became obvious from the data derived from various studies referenced within this document that there existed a primary risk driver.
That was, the need for personnel to board the TEMPSC at its stowed location at various
deck levels all of which required the TEMPSC to be lowered fully manned 30-
Therefore, attention was given to reducing personnel exposure to the risks associated with lowering the TEMPSC to sea while manned. In order to significantly reduce the risks associated with the use of a davit launched TEMPSC during an evacuation it is necessary to minimize the exposure of the crew to the risks associated with lowering the TEMPSC fully manned.
The implied solution is to modify the process such that the TEMPSC can be launched and the crew board once the TEMPSC is at a safe height location at or slightly above sea level.
This removes the risk of the TEMPSC falling to sea fully loaded likely resulting in fatality or injury to the crew.
On that basis RSS propose that a stand alone lightweight access system be installed such that it locates a vertical escape chute over the rear top access hatch to the TEMPSC. Figures 1.1 and 1.2 illustrate the system installed over an existing TEMPSC station. As can be seen the system does not interfere with access for maintenance or launch of the TEMPSC or Davits.
As can be seen the proposed system is simple, low weight, low cost and based on RSS existing tried and tested vertical escape chute technology. The system can be installed with TEMPSC in place with minimal interference to facility as no hot work is required (platform is bolted into position).
In conclusion, the RSS TEMPSC Embarkation System offers a significantly reduced risk to personnel requiring evacuation from a facility via davit launched TEMPSC for the following reasons:
It eliminates risk to personnel of falling to sea in fully loaded TEMPSC should Davit or other system fail. This implies a significant potential reduction in IRPA, PLL or FAR for offshore facilities while not imposing significant additional costs (cost beneficial).
It removes personnel from hazards at topsides enabling them to wait in the TEMPSC at or near sea level while any final personnel missing from muster are being located. This eliminates exposure to heat flux, flame or contamination of TEMPSC environment by combustion products which may be more likely to occur if the TEMPSC is boarded and loaded at deck level.
The system can be retrofitted with no significant impact on facility operations or use of current evacuation systems.
The system is low cost and lightweight with low maintenance.
Personnel boarding time is not increased significantly by using the vertical escape chute.
Figure 1.1 Side View of System installed over Existing Davit TEMPSC
Figure 1.2 Plan View of System installed over Existing Davit TEMPSC
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